Research on Finnish Society

Manuscript Submission Guidelines

Research on Finnish Society accepts online submissions only. Please submit manuscripts to finnresearch[at] in Microsoft Word format.

All published articles are double-blind peer reviewed by at least two experts. Please remove from the manuscript any identifying information, such as the names, contact details, and affiliations of the authors. This information will be submitted in a separate document (see below).


For the purposes of blind refereeing, the full name of each author with current affiliation and full address and email details plus a short biographical note should be entered on a separate title page and not included in the manuscript itself. Please include a statement confirming that all authors have agreed to the submission and that the article has not been published nor is currently considered for publication by any other print or electronic journal.


Manuscript format

Each manuscript should contain:


1. A title page with the full title and subtitle (if any).

2. The full name of each author with her/his current affiliation, full address/phone/email details, and short biographical note, in a separate document.

3. A concise abstract summarizing the research questions, background, data and methods, and the results and contributions of the study. The abstract should be no more than 150 words.

4. Up to six (6) key words.

5. Main text and word count, not exceeding 8000 words (including references and end notes). The text must be clearly organized, with a logical hierarchy of headings and subheadings. Quotations exceeding 40 words should be displayed and indented in the text. Use font size 12 (Times New Roman or Arial) with double-spacing throughout the text.

6. End notes, if necessary, should be signaled by superscript numbers in the main text and listed at the end of the text before the references. Please keep the number and length of end notes to a minimum.

7. Please use the American Psychological Association (APA) citation format whereby references are cited in the text by author and date with a full alphabetical listing (examples below) at the end of the article.




Reference to a journal publication:

Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J. A. J., & Lupton R. A. (2000). The art of writing a scientific article. Journal of Scientific Communications, 163, 51-59.


Reference to a book:

Strunk, W., Jr., & White, E. B. (1979). The elements of style. (3rd ed.). New York: Macmillan, (Chapter 4).


Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

Mettam, G. R., & Adams, L. B. (1994). How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In B. S. Jones, & R. Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic age (pp. 281-304). New York: E-Publishing Inc.


If your reference has a DOI number (DOI = digital object identifier, see, they should be included at the end of each reference. Example:


Ruggles, S. (1997). The rise of divorce and separation in the United States. Demography, 34, 455-466. doi:10.2307/3038300


Citing and listing of Web references:

At a minimum, the full URL should be given. Any further information, if known (Author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.


Detailed APA guidelines can be found from Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition.


Tables and figures

Tables and figures should be typed (double line-spaced) on separate sheets and their position indicated by a marginal note in the text. All tables and figures should have short descriptive captions with footnotes and their source(s) typed below the tables.



Authors are responsible for obtaining permissions from copyright holders for reproducing through any medium of communication any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere.


The authors are expected to follow standard academic ethical guidelines. All submitted manuscripts will be screened for plagiarism using Turnitin ( Plagiarized manuscripts will be rejected and reported to the authors’ employing institutions.


UK or US spelling may be used. The final approved version of the manuscript has to be language checked by a native speaker.